Historical Monuments of Crete

History
Ancient Eleftherna museum exhibition

Ancient Eleftherna

The Ancient Eleftherna is located 25km southeast of the city of Rethymno, relatively close to Arkadi Monastery. The city is the most important archaeological site of the prefecture of Rethymnon, which in fact has not yet been fully excavated and is expected to give many more valuable finds. The first organized excavations began in 1985 by the University of Crete.

The city of Eleftherna was founded by the Dorians around the 9th century BC. and was inhabited until the early Byzantine years. It seems that its strategic position at an altitude of 380m, at the point where the roads were connecting ancient KydoniaKnosos and Psiloritis.

diskos

Phaistos

The Phaistos was a city in Minoan Crete, 55km south of Heraklion and close to Tympaki. The ruins of the city are located on a low hill in plain of Messara, with panoramic views of the surrounding area. It is the second largest palace center after palace of Knossos , as it occupies an area of ​​18 acres.

The city has been inhabited since 6000 BC, while it flourished in parallel with city ​​of Knossos, until the 1st century BC.

Κνωσσός μνημείο

Knosos

The Knosos was the most important city of Crete before the Roman era and, above all, the center of the first brilliant European palace culture, the Minoan Civilization. The palace of the city is the most visited archeological site of Crete with more than 1,000,000 visitors a year. The palace is located just 5 km south of Heraklion, on the hill Kefalas over the banks of Knossanou Gorge. Access is via Knossos Street, which joins the Heraklio with Skalani. Apart from the palace area, the wider area is full of archeological finds, which is logical if we consider that Knossos had at its peak more than 100,000 inhabitants.

Σπήλαιο Μελιδόνι, Ρέθυμνο

Melidoni Cave

The Melidoni Cave is located 1800m northwest of Melidoni's Village in an altitude of 220m, on the west side of Kouloukonas. The Melidoni Cave, is of great interest because of its archaeological findings, the rich cave decoration, but also its tragic history with the massacre of the Cretans by the Ottomans in 1823.

The cave is of great historical importance, as it is associated with one of the greatest tragedies in Cretan history.

Ενετικό Κάστρο Φορτέτζα, Ρέθυμνο

Venetian Fortezza Fortress

The Venetian Fortezza fortress is built on the "Paleokastro" hill, located on the west side of the old Venetian Town of Rethimno and is one of the largest Venetian fortresses in Crete. On this hill was built the acropolis of ancient Rithymna and the temple of Rokkaia Artemis, which are not saved today. The majestic pentagonal fortress began to be built in 1573 and has a perimeter of 1300 meters. Along the wall there are 4 bastions (Saint Luke, St. Elias, Ag. Pavlou, Ag. Nikolaou), which served the defense to the enemy.

Κουρταλιώτικο Φαράγγι, Ρέθυμνο

Kourtaliotis Gorge

It is located in the south of the prefecture of Rethymno, 22km from Rethymno's city and has a length of 3km. It is one of the most impressive natural attractions in the prefecture of Rethymno. The huge rocky slopes of the gorge reach 600 meters and are full of openings and caves, where important species of birds live. The Kourtaliotis River flows through, which springs from plain of Agios Vasileios, crosses the gorge and flows into the famous Palm forest of Preveli, after joining the Frati Gorge. In his last piece he is also called Great River.

Samaria Gorge

Samaria Gorge

The Samaria Gorge is the most famous hiking gorge in Europe, being part of European path E4. Thousands of tourists walk it in the summer. For many, this is the main purpose of their visit to Crete. Its length reaches 15 km and its descent takes about 5-7 hours, depending on your pace, from Omalos to Agia Roumeli.

Ενετικό Λιμάνι Ρεθύμνου

Venetian Port of Rethymno

The Venetian Port, next to the modern port, is one of the most picturesque places of the Old Town of Rethymno next to he most picturesque areas of it, Egyptian Lighthouse. It has existed since the Byzantine Period (after 961 AD), but flourished during the Venetian occupation. The Venetians in the 14th century began major projects to address the problem of emissions, which problem still exists today.

Παλιά πόλη Ρεθύμνου

Οld Venetian Town of Rethimno

The old Venetian Town of Rethimno is a preserved Renaissance city with elements from both the Venetian and the Ottoman Empire. The city is full of picturesque streets, like Arkadiou str. and Antistaseos Str., but also a lot of graphics quietly narrow where life flows very smoothly. Above the old town rises the The Venetian Fortezza fortress. The picturesque alleys of the area also house taverns with traditional music.

Ανώγεια Ρέθυμνο - Ηράκλειο, Casa Del' Arte

Anogeia

The Anogeia Village is located 36km west of Heraklion and 53km southeast of Rethymno City, at an altitude of 750m. They are built on three levels on the ridge of the hill Armi of Psiloritis that is, in a high (or "Ano") place. Anogia has a very close relationship with Psiloritis and its mountainous landscapes. The inhabitants are mainly engaged in animal husbandry and are characterized by their hospitality.

Χωριό Σπήλι, Ρέθυμνο, Casa Del' Arte

Spili

The Spili is located 30km south of Rethymno City, at an altitude of 430m, and is built at the foot of the mountain Vorizi. The population of the village reaches 800 inhabitants which increases during the summer months, who are mainly farmers, stockbreeders and traders, but in recent years many are also involved in tourism. The village is a transport hub for southern Crete and is the capital of the province of Agios Vassilios. In the village operate almost all the basic services such as banks, post office, Health Center, police, while the Metropolis of Lampi, Syvritos and Sfakion.

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